2007 Paper

The concepts depicted in this section have been published in the following scientific paper. This website simply uses different images and words to describe the same ideas.

Prideaux, J. (2007) Exploring the temporal consequences of chasing the elements in Rosen's relational diagrams. Chem. Biodiv. 4(10), 2415-2426.

In the work 'Life Itself', Rosen showed that a formal mechanism cannot be 'closed to efficient cause'. Additionally, he claimed that organisms are closed to efficient cause and that, by logical extension, organisms cannot be mechanisms. This paper shows that it is possible for mechanisms to be 'nearly closed to efficient cause', with the requirement that some unentailed efficient-cause agents are placed inside the system. Populations of these 'nearly closed to efficient cause' systems can be defined based on the ability to isolate each component in its own 'reaction chamber'. Diagrams from these populations are drawn from a couple of different perspectives, and comments are made on how these diagrams can be related to the more conventional language of chemistry.


[1]  R. Rosen, 'Life Itself', University Press, New York, 1991.
[2]  R. Rosen, Bull. Math. Biophys. 1958, 20, 245.
[3]  R. Rosen, Bull. Math. Biophys. 1971, 33, 303.
[4]  R. Rosen, 'Foundations of Mathematical Biology', Academic Press, new York, 1972, Vol. 2, p 217.
[5]  A. H. Louie, J. Integr. Neurosci. 2005, 4, 423.
[6]  S. W. Kercel, J. Integr. Neurosci. 2004, 3, 61.

Click here to see the source code used to determine the diagrams and counts depicted in the paper.

Next the concepts of the paper will be presented visually.


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